High blood pressure or hypertension has become a common disease for many people today, especially for those living in urban areas. High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the factors causing stroke, heart attack, and also kidney failure. And the worst result of this disease is death. Therefore, if possible, this disease should be prevented. If you have high blood pressure, you can control the disease. How to prevent and control high blood pressure or hypertension?
Before discussing about high blood pressure or hypertension, you should first know about blood pressure. When you perform a physical examination or clinical examination to a doctor, there is usually a special tool used by a doctor to check blood pressure. A tool for checking blood pressure is called a sphigmomanometer, also known as a tensimeter. There is a digital tensimeter and there is also a mercury tensimeter that is still commonly used for clinical examination.
Checking Blood Pressure
When examining blood pressure, there are two numbers that are usually called for example 120/80. What are the numbers?
The first number (120) is systolic blood pressure, which is the pressure of the heart beating or beating (systole). Often called top pressures.
The second number (80) is diastolic blood pressure, ie the pressure when the heart rests between pumping moments. Often called bottom pressure.
The doctor will do a blood pressure check by telling you to sit or lie down, because that’s the best position to measure blood pressure. Then the doctor will usually bind the air sac on the right arm except on the arm there is an injury. After that, blood pressure measurements were taken. The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure is called pulse pressure.
What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure that blood experiences on the arteries when blood is pumped by the heart to all members of the human body. Blood pressure is made by taking two sizes and there are usually two numbers to be called by the doctor. For example doctors call 140-90, then the meaning is 140/90 mmHg. The first number (140) shows upward pressure of the arteries due to the pulsation of the heart or at the time of the heart beat or beat, and is called the systolic pressure or often called the upper pressure. The second number (90) shows the pressure when the heart rests between pumping, and is called diastolic pressure or often called down pressure.
After knowing the blood pressure, surely you want to know whether your blood pressure including low, normal or high. The following is the classification of blood pressure based on the measurement result with tensimeter for systolic and diastolic pressure: